bioenergy integration

5.1 Strategies for biomass integrated into energy systems

  • National strategies for the integration of bioenergy and high share of renewables;
  • Integrated bioenergy planning;
  • Electricity and gas grid balancing concepts;
  • Concepts and approaches for flexible bioenergy integration;
  • Renewable energy communities and buildings;
  • Bioenergy and off-grid systems;
  • Bioenergy in integrated systems;
  • Sustainable bioenergy solutions for local communities;
  • Bioenergy in rural electrification concepts;
  • Bioenergy and Carbon Capture and Storage (BECCS) enabling negative GHG emissions.

5.2 Technological options for energy grid balancing

  • Innovative solutions for smart grids and energy (heat and power) storage;
  • Bioenergy and renewable energy distributed generation and systems integration;
  • Integrated bioenergy RES hybrid systems and technologies;
  • Integrated solutions and biomass systems for short, mid-term and seasonal grid balancing;
  • Biomass in district heating and cooling;
  • Poly-generation energy networks;
  • Greening the gas grids (biomethane, hydrogen etc.);
  • Energy and power system modelling.

5.3 Alternative renewable fuels and hydrogen

  • Technological innovations of Power-to-X (Power-to-gas, Power-to-liquids, etc.): synthetic fuels, hydrogen, methane, methanol, etc.;
  • Renewable fuels of non-biological origin (RFNBO), Recycled Carbon Fuels (RCF);
  • Bio-Synthetic Natural Gas (Bio-SNG);
  • Algae biofuels production: technology progress and perspectives;
  • Electrofuel production and use;
  • Hydrogen production: thermochemical, electrolytic, photolytic, biological processes;
  • Hydrogen storage systems, novel hydrogen carriers;
  • Hydrogen and fuel cells for stationary and mobile applications;
  • Alternative fuels and hydrogen infrastructure development.

5.4 Market implementation, investments & financing

  • Market uptake initiatives and policies;
  • Initiatives for decarbonisation of the economy;
  • Policies for the circular, sustainable bioeconomy;
  • Challenges of scale-up and market implementation of new technologies;
  • Support schemes;
  • Economics of bioenergy projects;
  • Risk assessment of financing;
  • Global bioenergy markets;
  • Biomass trade, contracting and logistics;
  • Innovative business models.