sustainable bioeconomy: impacts and policies

4.1 Sustainability, socio-economic impacts and public acceptance

  • Sustainability schemes, bio-based feedstocks and final products certification;
  • National and international sustainability standards;
  • Benefits and socio-economic opportunities;
  • Competition and risk mitigation of the increased use of biomass;
  • Bioenergy, food security and local, traditional use of biomass;
  • Evaluation of social impacts;
  • Actions for sustainable economic growth;
  • Bioenergy contribution to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG);
  • Improving citizen awareness and acceptance, increasing public engagement;
  • Promoting good practices for bioenergy.

4.2 Environmental impacts

  • Biomass and land use, agricultural intensification, water and air emissions from biomass production and conversion;
  • Biomass production preserving biodiversity;
  • Agro-environmental assessments;
  • Biomass production and ecosystem services;
  • Land use change impacts, monitoring and addressing indirect land use changes;
  • Land use and land governance;
  • Biomass production and water use, energy, land and water interactions;
  • Carbon and air emissions;
  • Trade-offs between different impacts;
  • Environmental Life Cycle Assessments.

4.3 Climate impacts and GHG performance

  • Climate impacts of biomass, biofuels, bioenergy and bio-based materials production;
  • Climate change mitigation potential;
  • Carbon capture and storage potentials in soils, biomaterials, etc.;
  • GHG emissions, LULUCF and sustainable forest management;
  • Assessing direct and indirect land use change potential;
  • Carbon storage on land and materials;
  • Innovative carbon utilisation options;
  • Assessing GHG of biomass pathways and prioritizing biomass pathways;
  • Carbon pricing;
  • GHG Life Cycle Assessment.

4.4 Biomass strategies and policies towards a bioeconomy

  • Bioenergy policies and targets for 2030 and beyond;
  • Bioenergy contribution to a low carbon economy, LULUCF emissions and Emissions Trading Scheme;
  • National, regional, local bioenergy and bioeconomy strategies;
  • Support programmes;
  • Agriculture, forestry and rural development;
  • Biomass and rural development, opportunities in the circular and bioeconomy;
  • Strategies for international cooperation;
  • Biomass utilisation concepts for bioenergy and bio-based products;
  • Strategies for the integration of bioenergy into a bio-based economy.

4.5 Resource efficient bioeconomy

  • Approaches for efficient management of natural resources (land and water);
  • Promoting resource efficient value chains;
  • Sustainable circular bioeconomy and cascading use of biomass;
  • Competition and risks of the increased use of biomass;
  • Opportunities of biomass use for food, feed, fibre, fuels, biomaterials and biochemicals;
  • Innovation, growth and job creation;
  • Exploiting the value of co-products;
  • The role of bio-based chemicals in a sustainable and circular bioeconomy;
  • Cross-sectorial synergies to avoid over-exploitation.