An increased demand for biomass resources will be faced in the coming years as a result of the ambitious 2030 Climate Target Plan in the EU Green Deal, fast progress of the advanced biofuel technologies and the increasing needs of the bio-based industries. Many studies report that there is a considerable growth potential to make more residual biomass resources available in a sustainable way, but that requires further development of biomass logistics and supply chains to make biomass available at constant quantity and quality, sustainable, and economically affordable. Non-food crops could offer an alternative feedstock that could meet the increased demand for biomass resources. To do so, sustainable growing strategies have to be developed, so that they will not compete with food/feed crops over good quality lands nor affect the food/feed market.