3.1 Production of thermally treated solid biofuels
Thermal treatment before densification; Thermal upgrading of solid biofuels: Torrefaction, hydrothermal carbonisation, charcoal production, etc.; Process optimisation; Products characterisation.
Production of liquid bioenergy carriers from solid biomass: Fundamentals and studies; Technology development; Process improvement, optimisation and modelling; Biocrude purification, upgrading and utilisation (combustion, chemical extraction, gasification, etc.); By-product utilisation.
3.3 Biomass hydrothermal liquefaction
Hydrothermal liquefaction, production of liquid bioenergy carriers; Broadening feedstock base (lignocellulosic feedstock, algae…); Fundamentals and studies; Technology and process improvement; Biocrude production, purification, upgrading; Value-added compounds extraction; Energy balance and techno-economic analysis.
3.4 Oil-based biofuels
Innovative processes for the production of oil-based fuels (biodiesel, aviation fuel, etc.) from oilseeds, algae, wastes, etc; Biofuel blending, distribution and logistics.
3.5 Bio-alcohols from lignocellulosic biomass and pretreatment
Lignocellulosic ethanol, other alcohols: pre-treatment of lignocellulosic biomass, cellulose hydrolysis, C6 and C5 fermentation; Innovations in bio-alcohol production from starch and sugar plants.
Combined production of fuels, chemicals and materials from biomass;
Process design and business development;
Process and technology integration into biorefineries; Biofuels from biochemical, chemical and catalytic conversion of sugars; Thermochemical conversion of biomass to syngas, bioenergy carriers, synthetic fuels.
3.7 Production and application of biobased chemicals
Ethylene, Propylene, Furans, Hydrogen, specialist chemicals, etc.; Production of bio-fertilizers, Bio-plastics etc.