1.1 Biomass potentials and biomass production models

  • Assessments of biomass potentials and land availability at regional, national and international levels;
  • Assessment of recoverable biomass potential;
  • Biomass mobilitation and logistics;
  • Spatial modelling and remote sensing;
  • Resources mapping.

1.2 Biomass feedstock, residues and by-products

  • Supply of residues and by-products from agriculture and forestry
  • Biomass mobilisation: characterisation, harvest technologies, logistics and storage;
  • Resource efficient agriculture and forestry.

1.3 Biomass crops and energy grasses

  • Agricultural production of non-woody plant biomass: plant breeding, cultivation, characterisation and harvest technologies, logistics and storage;
  • Novel crops and alternative cropping systems;
  • Biomass plantations increasing sustainability.

1.4 Algae production systems

  • Identification, assessment and optimisation of algae strains;
  • Technologies and systems for algae cultivation, nutrition and harvesting;
  • Integration of wastewater treatment into algae systems;
  • CO2 use in algae systems;
  • Oil and chemical extraction.

1.5 Municipal and industrial wastes

  • Potential of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) for bioenergy, biofuels and bioproducts;
  • Availability of biowaste from MSW;
  • Techniques for source separation;
  • Industrial wastes;
  • Sewage sludge, slaughterhouse waste;
  • Integrated waste management systems.

1.6 Integrated biomass production for energy purposes

  • Bioenergy production integrated into food and feed farming;
  • Sustainable management practices for agriculture and forestry integrated with biomass production for energy and material uses;
  • Multiple product opportunities;
  • Agro-industry options and economic prospects;
  • Low ILUC impact feedstocks.


2.1 Production and supply of solid fuels and intermediates

  • Technologies development for  chipping, pelletising, briquetting, etc.;
  • Production and characterisation of solid fuels from biomass feedstocks;
  • Logistics, storage and distribution.

2.2 Biomass and bioliquids combustion for small and medium scale applications

  • Innovative concepts for stoves, boilers, micro- and small-CHP, steam and Stirling engines, Organic Rankine Cycles, etc;
  • Abatement of corrosion and fouling;
  • Emission control;
  • Auxiliary equipment;
  • Tri-generation (power, heat and cooling).

2.3 Biomass combustion in large utilities

  • Co-firing plants;
  • Process monitoring;
  • Control systems;
  • Abatement of corrosion and fouling;
  • Emission control;
  • Tri-generation (power, heat and cooling);
  • High efficient, increased steam parameters plants.

2.4 Gasification for power, CHP and polygeneration

  • Fundamental studies;
  • Technology development;
  • Gas cleaning and upgrading;
  • Gas utilisation in engines, turbines and fuel cells;
  • By-products utilisation.

2.5 Gasification for synthesis gas production

  • Fundamental studies;
  • Technology development;
  • Gas cleaning, reforming and upgrading for BTL and SNG applications;
  • By-products utilisation.

2.6 Anaerobic digestion for biogas and biomethane production 

  • Anaerobic digestion process improvement;
  • Advanced plant and fermenter concepts;
  • Optimising conversion, improving design and process integration;
  • Dry fermentation and thermophilic processes;
  • Anaerobic digestion of innovative feedstocks (straw, waste, algae, etc.);
  • Biogas utilisation for power, CHP and poly-generation;
  • Biogas upgrading to biomethane;
  • Biomethane injection into the grid.


3.1 Production of thermally treated solid fuels

  • Thermal treatment before densification;
  • Thermal upgrading of solid fuels: biomass torrefaction, charcoal production, etc.;
  • Process optimisation;
  • Products characterisation.

3.7 Production and application of biobased chemicals

  • Ethylene, Propylene, Furans, Hydrogen, specialist chemicals, etc.;
  • Production of bio-fertilizers, Bio-plastics etc.

3.2 Pyrolysis

  • Production of liquid bioenergy carriers from solid biomass: Fundamentals and studies;
  • Technology development;
  • Process improvement, optimisation and modelling;
  • Biocrude purification, upgrading and utilisation (combustion, chemical extraction, gasification, etc.);
  • By-product utilisation.

3.3 Hydrothermal processing 

  • Hydrothermal carbonisation, production of solid energy carriers;
  • Hydrothermal liquefaction, production of liquid energy carriers;
  • Fundamentals and studies;
  • Technology and process improvement;
  • Biocrude production, purification, upgrading;
  • Value-added compounds extraction;
  • Energy balance and techno-economic analysis.

3.4 Oil-based biofuels

  • Innovative processes for the production of oil-based fuels (biodiesel, aviation fuel, etc.) from oilseeds, algae, wastes, etc;
  • Biofuel blending, distribution and logistics.

3.5 Bio-alcohols from lignocellulosic biomass and pretreatment

  • Lignocellulosic ethanol, other alcohols: pre-treatment of lignocellulosic biomass, cellulose hydrolysis of lignocellulosic biomass, C6 and C5 fermentation;
  • Innovations in bio-alcohol production from starch and sugar plants.

3.6 Biorefineries

  • Combined production of fuels, chemicals and materials from biomass;
  • Integrated concepts for bioenergy and biobased products;
  • Process design and business development;
  • Process and technology integration into biorefineries;
  • Biofuels from biochemical, chemical and catalytic conversion of sugars;
  • Thermochemical conversion of biomass to syngas, bioenergy carriers, synthetic fuels.


4.1 Sustainability and socio-economic impacts

  • Sustainability schemes, biobased feedstocks and final products certification;
  • National and international sustainability standards;
  • Benefits and socio-economic opportunities;
  • Competition and risk mitigation of the increased use of biomass;
  • Bioenergy, food security and local, traditional use of biomass;
  • Evaluation of social impacts;
  • Actions for sustainable economic growth.

4.2 Environmental impacts of bioenergy

  • Impacts on land (compost, digestate, biochar), agricultural intensification, water and air emissions from biomass conversion;
  • Agro-environmental assessments;
  • Impact of biomass production on ecosystem services;
  • Land use change impacts, monitoring indirect land use impacts;
  • Biomass production, water use, energy and water interactions;
  • Life Cycle Assessment.

4.3 Climate impacts of bioenergy

  • Climate impacts of biomass and bioenergy production;
  • Climate change mitigation potential;
  • Carbon capture and storage potentials in soils, biomaterials, etc.;
  • Bioenergy and CCS and CCU;
  • Life Cycle Assessment;
  • Assessing direct and indirect land use change potential;
  • Carbon storage;
  • Assessing GHG of biomass pathways;
  • Carbon pricing.

4.4 Biomass strategies and policies

  • Bioenergy policies and targets for 2030 and beyond;
  • Bioenergy contribution to a low carbon economy, LULUCF emissions and Emissions Trading Scheme;
  • National, regional, local bioenergy and bioeconomy strategies;
  • Support programmes;
  • Agriculture, forestry and rural development;
  • Strategies for international cooperation;
  • Biomass utilisation concepts for bioenergy and biobased products;
  • Strategies for the integration of bioenergy into a bio-based economy.


5.1 Market implementation, investments & financing

  • Challenges of scale-up and market implementation of new technologies;
  • Market stimulation policies;
  • Support schemes;
  • Economic viability of bioenergy projects;
  • Risk assessment of financing;
  • Global bioenergy markets;
  • Biomass trade, contracting and logistics;
  • Externalities assessment;
  • Innovative business models;
  • Partnerships programmes for supply security;
  • Initiatives for decarbonisation of the economy.

5.2 Strategies for biomass integrated into energy systems

  • National strategies for the integration of bioenergy and high share of renewables;
  • Planning for integrated bioenergy projects;
  • Concepts and approaches for flexible bioenergy integration;
  • Renewable energy communities and buildings;
  • Bioenergy and off-grid systems;
  • Biomass energy storage in integrated systems;
  • Bioenergy in rural electrification concepts.

5.3 Technological options for energy grid balancing

  • Electricity and gas grid balancing concepts;
  • Renewable energy and distributed systems integration;
  • Technological options for the integration of high-share of renewables;
  • Integrated bioenergy hybrid technologies;
  • Integrated solutions balancing the energy system;
  • Poly-generation energy networks;
  • Biogas integration into gas grids;
  • Power to gas and Power to liquids.

5.4 Resource efficient bioeconomy

  • Approaches for efficient management of natural resources (land and water);
  • Biomass utilisation for bioenergy, biofuels, biorefinery;
  • Resource efficient value chains;
  • Circular economy and cascading use of biomass;
  • Competion and risks of the increased use of biomass;
  • Biomass use for food, feed, fibre, fuel, health, bio-materials and green chemistry.